Wheat

Activity leader:

Per KUDSK (AU): Per.Kudsk@agrsci.dk - 45 89 99 35 82

Background:

Photo ACTA                         

Winter wheat -- the most widely grown arable crop in Europe -- is responsible for 30% of the total pesticide use in the EU-25 and currently enjoys virtually no IPM implementation. Fully exploiting existing preventive and non-chemical weed control strategies, improved host plant resistance and monitoring systems as well as incorporating new knowledge generated by PURE could potentially reduce pesticide use by up to 60% on average. Current differences among national situations suggest many prospects for improvement. Indeed, while wheat production in Denmark rates at a TFI of 2.4, it is above 8 in the United Kingdom. Based on multi-country trial results, we estimate that merely relying on existing resistant cultivars could on average reduce the frequency of fungicide treatments by one or two and lower applied doses by 25 to 50%, providing savings of €20 per hectare.

Objectives:

To test and validate innovative IPM solutions for important pests of wheat in winter wheat based rotations adopting a design-assessment-adjustment cycle. Initially pre-existing tools, strategies and tactics will be combined to innovative IPM solutions but gradually new knowledge and tools coming out of the "New knoledge and technologies" research activities will be incorporated.

Approach:

A design-assessment-adjustment cycle will be adopted to ensure continuous validation and improvement of the IPM solutions. First step is to design IPM solutions interacting with relevant stakeholders. The second step is an ex-ante assessment of the IPM solutions and current practices using the tool DEXiPM (arable crop version). Subsequently IPM solutions will be validated in on-station and on-farm experimentation in three geographical regions representing the variation in growing conditions for winter wheat in Northern Europe. On-station experiments will be used to test technical aspects of the IPM solutions while on-farm experiments besides the technical aspects will also assess the practical aspects and potential obstacles to the implementation of innovative IPM solutions, the co-innovation process of IPM development and cost-benefit to the end-user. The final step is an ex-post assessment of the environmental and economic/social sustainability of the IPM solutions also using DEXiPM and other available assessment tools. Following the ex-post assessment a new design-assessment-adjustment cycle will be initiated incorporating the information from the previous cycle as well as new knowledge and tools developed in "New knoledge and technologies" research activities. It will solely focus on pest problems in winter wheat cultivation in Northern Europe because pest problems and consequently pesticide use in the cooler and more humid northern part of Europe are more significant than in warmer and drier Southern Europe.

Experimental sites:

 

Description of Deliverables:

Ex-post assessments of the IPM solutions tested the 1st year on-station and on-farm
A design-assessment-adjustment cycle will be adopted to ensure continuous validation and improvement of the IPM solutions. On-station experiments will be used to test technical aspects of the IPM solutions while on-farm experiments besides the technical aspects will also consider the practical aspects and potential obstacles to the implementation of innovative IPM solutions, the co-innovation process of IPM development (in collaboration with WP13) and cost-benefit to the end-user. The final step is an ex-post assessment of the environmental and economic/social sustainability of the IPM solutions also using DEXiPM and other available assessment tools.
ALREADY AVAILABLE ON THE WEBSITE IN PUBLICATIONS SECTION 

Ex-post assessments of the IPM solutions tested the 3rd year on-station and on-farm
ALREADY AVAILABLE ON THE WEBSITE IN PUBLICATIONS SECTION 

IPM guidelines for winter wheat based rotations in Europe
PURE will contribute to the definition of IPM standards throughout Europe by developing IPM guidelines in several cropping systems and guidelines for a multi-criteria assessment of crop protection standards
ALREADY AVAILABLE ON THE WEBSITE IN PUBLICATIONS SECTION 

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/ 2007-2013) under the grant agreement n°265865- PURE